The branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Radio Frequency Centre of the Central Federal District" (GRFC) for the Volga Federal District is a unit of the Radio Frequency Service of the Russian Federation responsible for ensuring proper use of civilian radio frequencies and channels, radio electronic facilities and high-frequency devices (HFD) in the territory of the Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District.
The Radio Frequency Service’s work is managed by the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media (ROSCOMNADZOR).
The branch is headquartered in Nizhny Novgorod and has territorial offices in:
- the Republic of Bashkortostan,
- the Republic of Mari El,
- the Republic of Mordovia,
- the Republic of Tatarstan,
- the Udmurt Republic,
- the Chuvash Republic,
- the Kirov Region,
- the Orenburg Region,
- the Penza Region,
- the Perm Krai (Territory),
- the Samara Region,
- the Saratov Region, and
- the Ulyanovsk Region.
The Volga Federal District comprises six Republics, seven Regions, and one Territory.
The Branch employs skilled, competent, and dedicated specialists and has modern equipment and other necessary resources to perform its functions.
The major territorial offices are in the Samara Region, the Perm Krai, and the Republic of Bashkortostan.
At present, 82% of the branch’s management and expert staff have university degrees, 8 of them have candidate of science degrees.
The branch does a lot to promote advanced training and staff development. Although the branch employs graduates of Russia’s best universities and many of them have honour degrees, operations require continuous skill enhancementprofessional advancement. In 2015, 153 employees completed skill enhancement courses at the advanced training departments of the Bonch-Bruyevich Telecommunications University in St. Petersburg, the Alekseevprofessional advancement in 2015 at the Bonch-Bruevich Saint - Petersburg State University of Telecommunications and State Technical University in Nizhny Novgorod, and two advanced training centres: “Softline” in Nizhny Novgorod and “Eureka” in St. Petersburg.
According to ROSCOMNADZOR’s databases (the Unified Information System and the Federal Automated Information and Analysis System), as of 01.03.2016, there are 27737 radio frequency use licenses, 340446 radio electronic devices, and 2104 high-frequency devices in civilian use registered in the territory of the Volga Federal District.
Modern automated monitoring and data processing systems are used for supporting proper use of frequency resources and radio electronic devices and for monitoring emissions of radio electronic devices and high-frequency devices.
Radio monitoring in the territory of the Volga Federal District involves the use of fixed, mobile and hand-held monitoring units equipped with advanced measurement and direction finding hardware and software.
As of 2016, the Branch operates 105 fixed radio monitoring stations, 98 of them unmanned, covering frequencies above 30 MHz, in areas of high station density. The fixed radio monitoring stations have backup power, remote control and video surveillance systems.
Mobile monitoring involves 38 mobile units, including 35 measurement and direction-finding facilities and one direction-finding trailer, and 640 pieces of radio monitoring equipment.
The Branch operates a technical radio monitoring station covering frequencies above 30 MHz; it is a unit of the Samara Region office. It performs technical monitoring of civilian radio electronic facilities and high-frequency devices within its designated area of responsibility in the Russian Federation; it also performs services for foreign telecom administrations.
The Branch also has a Situation Centre. It operates on a 24/7 basis, gathering and processing real-time information about electromagnetic environment in the territory of the Volga Federal District during normal operation and in emergencies.
One of the major priorities is to enhance the quality of services provided to all spectrum users in the Volga Federal District. This primarily refers to various measurements that require the use of measuring equipment and specialists.
The principal services provided by the Branch of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Radio Frequency Centre of the Central Federal District" (GRFC) for the Volga Federal District are as follows:
- check that the parameters of radio electronic facilities notified meet the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements and use conditions set in previously issued expert review findings;
- measure station location site coordinates and antenna heights;
- calculate coverage areas of regional-status roads by mobile services;
- field tests of radio electronic equipment for EMC;
- define sources of unacceptable interferences and take possible actions to eliminate them;
- calculate reliable service areas of radio electronic facilities;
- establish coordinates of geodetic stations and surface locations of stations and high-frequency devices;
- test equipment for compliance with existing rules and standards and relevant decisions of the State Radio Frequency Commission;
- test equipment for electromagnetic compatibility;
- provide services to measure technical parameters of radio electronic equipment and high-frequency devices;
- perform measurements of electromagnetic power flux density.
Also, work has been completed to implement a quality management system for ensuring proper use of radio frequencies and to have it certified for compliance with GOST ISO 9001-2011 (ISO 9001:2008).
The Branch’s functions are broad and diverse. And they are successfully performed by a large and well-coordinated team of professionals.